It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. Severe attacks of birch leaf miner predispose trees to bronze birch borer infestation. Betula pendula are rapidly growing, undemanding trees, which after about 50 years have reached their final height of about 25 meters (82 ft). It thrives in dry woodlands, downs and heaths. Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually. The twigs are red brown and have warty lenticels. On the other hand it is used especially as plywood. Birch leaf extracts are known to exhibit a number of pharmacological activities. In their shape, the buds of Silver birch are slightly pointed. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Betula pendula frequently has shorter acuminations at the leaf apex and sometimes shows sharp, forward curving, primary teeth. Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Magnoliopsida - Order: Sapindales - Family: Betulaceae. BACKGROUND: Betula pendula is widespread in Europe and Asia. The European white birch is widespread in Europe and beyond. white birch (Betula pendula) leaf underside, white birch (Betula pendula) leaves in summer, white birch (Betula pendula) budding in spring, white birch (Betula pendula) flowers catkins, white birch (Betula pendula) fruit catkins, white birch (Betula pendula)f flower buds, white birch (Betula pendula) the trunk is white and black, white birch (Betula pendula) tree in winter. The buds of Silver birch are up to four millimeters long and are brownish to glossy green. Birch leaf extracts are known to exhibit a number of pharmacological activities. 020 3176 5800 Betula pendula is known for attracting bees, beneficial insects, birds, butterflies / moths and other pollinators. Bark white, becoming black and rugged at base. the leaf is triangular and linear pointed and has a double-toothed margin. Bark white, becoming black and rugged at base. 1. Authentified by macroscopic and microscopic examination, HP-TLC and HPLC fingerprint. Sometimes called the ‘Swedish Birch) it does lose the foliage early. Samples of plants or plant parts (leaf, root, rhizome, fruit, flower, ...) certified by BOTANICERT. A number of cultivars are available, including types that are cutleaf, weeping or have yellowish or purplish foliage. The Cut Leaf Birch makes a striking landscape specimen. Subgenus Betula - Typical birches. When the tree matures the leaves form a drooping effect due to lateral branches. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Try an advanced search, RHS Registered Charity no. A small white worm eats out the middle of the leaf, which turns brown. Known hazards of Betula pendula… Betula pendula - Silver Birch. The European birch is susceptible to a few diseases: canker disease, dieback and Marssonina leaf spot. It has been used in traditional medicine since ancient times. Specific leaf area (SLA, cm2 g-1) in short shoot leaves of Betula pendula clones 4 and 80, averaged over each growing season±SD; (b, c) mean stomatal density (cm−2)±SD in clones 4 (b) and 80 (c). wider than 8 metres, Time to ultimate height As rootstock the Betula pendula is used. From the bleeding juice of the birch hair is made. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, dry - moist. The serrated foliage emerges dark purple/red in spring, then slowly turns purple/dark green throughout the summer and finally bronze/purple tones appear in autumn. Flowers when coming into leaf. The bark is black-brown to gray in young trees. Noteworthy Characteristics. Birch is a tree. Birch leaf is the common name for the leaves of the tree Betula pendula Roth and/or Betula pubescens Ehrh. Leaf: ovate to rhomboid, fresh green, 3 - 6 cm ... Betula pendula. The purple leaves have a bronze tint and are accompanied by brown catkins in spring and summer. An exception is Northern Scandinavia. As is the case with paper birch (B. papyrifera), this tree is noted for its white bark, which exfoliates in papery strips. Will grow in a wide range of situations. This attractive tree has a pryamidal to ovate shape. Ten 5‐year‐old Betula pendula clones were studied for their rust resistance in the field. During the late summer, the female kitten turns into an intense brown color. Silver birch is found in sparse deciduous, coniferous and mixed forests and is native to almost all of Europe. It has nectar/pollen rich flowers, provides shelter and habitat, is used for nesting materials, makes a good wildlife hedge, has seeds for birds and is a caterpilar food plant. Even ladders, tables, chairs or wooden shoes are made from the wood of Silver birch. The male flowers form already in the fall of the previous year and overwinter, before they open in the coming spring. Flowering time: April–June. In the Alpine region, the trees can be found up to 1,900 meters (6.200 ft) in height. These have an upright habit and are sometimes multiple-stemmed. the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9, Other common names Low Maintenance In the following days, the yield is always lower because the wound closes itself on its own. AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. The tar of the bark serves as a preservative for leather. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from July to August. The fine, weeping branches of the tree as well as its beautiful autumn color make it a wonderful addition to your landscape design. Betula Pendula is a medium-sized, slender-shaped, deciduous tree with prominent white or silver bark that enhances the beauty of the stems and branches. The autumn colour is strikingly yellow, 'Youngii' rarely flowers. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets, Aspect North-facing or South-facing or West-facing or East-facing, MoistureMoist but well-drained, Well-drained, Ultimate height A decoction of the leaves and bark is used for bathing skin eruptions. Includes Betula nigra 'BNMTF' Dura Heat™, Betula nigra 'Cully' Heritage™, Betula papyrifera - Paper Birch, Betula pendula 'Dalecarlica' - Cut-leaf Birch, Betula pendula 'Fastigiata', Betula pendula - Silver Birch, Betula platyphylla 'Fargo' Dakota Pinnacle™, Betula platyphylla var. The genus Betula comprises some 40 species, both trees, shrubs, and dwarf shrubs. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. To get to the birch sap, a branch is sawn off and the escaping juice is collected with a container (bucket). overview leaves | overview blossomsoverview fruit    | overview trunksoverview winter | overview trees, back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. The trees have a long, continuous trunk and a loose crown. The trees were treated by inoculating 10 leaves on a shoot with Melampsoridium betulinum urediniospore suspension or spraying the control leaves with water. Betula pendula is commonly known as the European birch. RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. The trunks of Silver birches can be up to 80 cm thick. In autumn the leaves turn a brilliant yellow. They are: This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions. These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. Betulaceae, Genus Betula pendula 'Dark Prince' is a weeping Birch with rich, dark purple foliage that works as a lovely contrast to the whitening bark. B. pendula is an elegant medium-sized deciduous tree with slender drooping twigs. An aqueous birch leaf extract of Betula pendula inhibits the growth and cell division of inflammatory lymphocytes. Characteristic of Betula pendula are the changeable, four to seven centimeters long leaves. The bark remains smooth until the tree gets quite large, but in older trees, the bark thickens, becoming irregular, dark, and rugged… Moxa is made from the yellow fungous excrescences of the wood, which sometimes swell out of the fissures. Epub 2011 May 17. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. Higher than 12 metres, Ultimate spread Tolerant of a range of temperatures, it grows as far south as Spain and as far north as Lapland. japonica 'Whitespire', Betula 'Penci-2' - Royal Frost ™, Betula utilis var. Below the bark of Silver birch is the white to yellowish-white wood. Each individual kitten can develop hundreds of airworthy seeds, which the autumn wind carries over considerable distances. The fruits of the Silver birch ripen from August to September. was formerly used in households as hair tonic or made into jelly or birch (birch limo). Later, the trunk assumes its characteristic shape and is rolling white. Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. or hybrids of both species.The leaves for medicinal use are obtained either from trees that have been cultivated or found in the wild. Genus Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring Details B. pendula is an elegant medium-sized deciduous tree with slender drooping twigs. In autumn, the catkins fall whilst the colour of the foliage remains. We have combined these two powerful search tools into a single Find a Plant service searching over 250,000 plant records. Cut Leaf Birch. Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring, Details Because the birch sprouts early, it is used in many countries for spring rituals. If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. Our Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information. silver birch bed wen, birk tree common birch European white birch lady birch lady of the woods warty birch weeping birch, Synonyms At about ten years, free-standing trees are sexually mature. Female catkins pendulous. W Eurasia, All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. The tree is also known as the Giving Tree , for its sap, leaves, bark, shoots, twigs and buds, all the parts can be put to use for medicinal purposes. As a timber birch wood is rather unsuitable. The leaf margin is serrated. Present study investigated B. pendula ethanolic and aqueous extract as inhibitors of carbohydrate hydrolyzing enzymes, as well as their ability to restore glutathione concentration in Hep G2 cells subjected to glucose-induced oxidative stress. Growing to a stately 12m in height by 5m wide Betula pendula ‘Dalecarlica’ is set apart from other Betula pendula varieties by it’s deeply cut leaves. “ Birch” means : “ a tree whose bark is used for writing on”. in rare cases the trees reach a height of 30 meters. The unusual feathery foliage is light green in spring and summer. Betula pendula is well adapted to cold climates and is more abundant in the boreal zone, where it can be the dominant forest species. Betula pendula and wildlife. In each and every form, the herb acts as an excellent tonic and a detoxifier. Birch wood is difficult to split, elastic and shrinks strongly. Join Antioxidant activity has also been reported. 20-50 years, Cultivation Virtually all of the features of the old searches are still available and in addition we have added several new features to create a more comprehensive and user friendly search experience. A rust and a leaf spot may be a problem. Hillocks, soil compaction and variable water levels have a negative influence on the health of this birch. The leaves of White birch are up to 7 cm (2.8 in) long and pointed. The skeletonizer larva is yellowish-green and one quarter-inch long. The bark on the trunk and branches is golden-brown at first, but later this turns to white as a result of papery tissue developing on the surface and peeling off in flakes, in a similar manner to the closely related paper birch(B. papyrifera). The silver birch typically reaches 15 to 25 m (49 to 82 ft) tall (exceptionally up to 31 m (102 ft)), with a slender trunk usually under 40 cm (16 in) diameter. Propagate by seed, softwood cuttings or grafting, Suggested planting locations and garden types Antioxidant activity has also been reported. B. pendula leaf is a common ingredient in traditional herbal combinations for treatment of diabetes in southeastern Europe. At this time, the birch has already begun with the pressure build-up for the upcoming leaf ejection. Birch wood is difficult to store and can quickly turn yellow or stained. Smooth in young trees, the bark gets rugged at the base in older trees. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, General enquiries In nature specimen of 30 m high can be found. suppliers. Betula pendula dalecarlica . It has been used in traditional medicine since ancient times. Birch skeletonizer feeding causes leaf browning. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Betula pendula, commonly called European white birch or white birch, is native to Europe and Asia Minor where it typically occurs in wood margins, heaths, hills and slopes.It has been widely planted in Canada and the northern U.S. as an ornamental. Betula cordifolia - Heart-leaf birch or mountain paper birch; Betula pendula - Silver birch; Betula mandschurica - Manchurian birch Betula mandschurica var. Effective when planted in small groups or as a multi-stemmed specimen, Propagation 2011 Jul 14;136(3):444-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2011.05.018. Betula pendula 'Pupurea', more commonly known as Purple Birch, has dark purple foliage that contrasts beautifully with the silvery white bark, making this an ideal feature tree. times, Need more criteria? RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected Leaves ovate, yellow in autumn. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 5 - 25 m (16 - 82 ft) high. The leaf blades of Betula pendula and the native B. populifolia are very similar; however, with practice they can sometimes be distinguished on subtle differences in shape. Native to almost entire Europe, where it is used as an important timber producer. Bark on twigs without methyl salicylate. Its leaves change from green to gold in autumn which makes it a lovely tree for year-round interest. Between March and the beginning of May, the flowering of Silver birch begins. The Birch is botanically called Betula pendula. The young leaves and leaf buds are harvested in the spring and dried for later use. Finland has the highest quality birchwood stocks. Birch water occurs in spring won the sprouting of the leaves. Diploid (2n = 28). They flower when coming into leaf in the spring. QUANTIFIED REFERENCE EXTRACTS (QRE) ... Betula pendula … Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. The juice of the birch is drinkable and tastes a bit sweet. Golden Beauty is more resistant to sun scorch than some of the other golden birches (particularly Golden Cloud). It could come together two to three liters on the first day. 222879/SC038262, If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases. Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens, which is more common in Scotland. This graceful deciduous broadleaf tree lives for up to 80 or exceptionally 100 years, growing to a height of 30 metres (although usually it attains little more than half that size). Spring and summer sees Betula pendula ‘Dalecarlica’ … There are hardly any differences in color between the core and the sapwood. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. Betula alba, Family The male catkins are conspicuous yellow, the female flower is inconspicuous. Birch leaf miner is a common insect pest of birch. Read more. Betula pendula is characterized by acute-angled branches and overhanging branches. It is a bitter - astringent tonic herb. The male kittens are of yellowish color. Sourced by expert botanists worldwide. Betula pendula 'Alba' is a weeping deciduous tree with a beautiful white trunk, pendulous branches and silvery green foliage. In spring, bright-green leaves emerge, contrasting strongly with the pale colour of the bark on the limbs of the trees. Betula pendula ‘Dalecarlica’ This is a ‘cut leaf’ variety with almost feathery foliage, same pendulus foliage. Flowers in catkins, Plant range Betula pendula is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate. The trunks of birches are covered with white or darkish, often papery bark. Wildlife Gardens, Pests Sawflies, aphids and leaf- mining sawflies may be a problem, Diseases B. pendula leaf is a common ingredient in traditional herbal combinations for treatment of diabetes in southeastern Europe. The thin-skinned nutlets are about three millimeters long. Background: Betula pendula is widespread in Europe and Asia. Purple Leaf Birch ( Betula pendula ‘Purpurea’ ) is a purple leaved variety of the ever popular Silver Birch, the leaves can vary in colour in their depth of purple at different times of the year, the colour is more like a deep burgundy.The species is native to parts of Britain, Europe and Asia in the cold and temperate regions. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. About two weeks after their fall and the spread by the wind, the fruits begin to germinate. In the stock, sexual maturity begins about ten years later. The growth form is extremely varied. J Ethnopharmacol. It is an excellent pioneer plant as it provides very little demands on the soil. Search by plant name, key attributes or both to find plant details and a list of Betula pendula varieties. 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