I have been searching for a dwarf river birch and the description given for “Little King River Birch.is exactly what I need for a small area. Call around to your larger nurseries and you might find one that carries it. Although these trees are heat tolerant, they do benefit from a cool and consistently moist root system. This tree was discovered and introduced in the late 1970’s by Jim King of Oswego, IL and in 1991 promoted through the Chicagoland Grows program. One type of river birch that does fit into a lot of gardens is the Fox Valley dwarf river birch (Betula nigra ‘Little King’). However, the birds-nest tangle of roots may prevent other plants from thriving near the base of the tree. Most of the water you put on the plant at first will run away from the plant until the soil is soaked. Very good article on pruning Fox River Birch. Don’t fertilize Dwarf River Birch after August. Dwarf River Birch. A general rule of thumb is to count to 5 for every one gallon of pot size. I do not want a large tree – nothing over 30 ft. 10-15 ft mature height being ideal. Native Area: Eastern U.S. The new growth is looking as is it is wilting and there are even brown curled leaves on it. River birch is has few insect or disease problems. It is a dense, compact tree with glossy green leaves and exfoliating bark. If it was, it must be very large (for it being a dwarf) and probably had massive transplant shock. My problem is I noticed that yellow leaves started falling off it is the end of june. This is not to be rushed. It has a shrublike habit and seldom grows over 6 feet tall. Routine Pruning of a River Birch. Dwarf River Birch Little King Trees for Sale Online Dwarf River Birch Tree or Little King Birch is a beautiful, multi-branched tree that provides unusual winter interest. That is why we do not recommend planting in a hole any deeper than the soil line of the plant in the pot. Location. You should go to a larger nursery in your area and ask them if they can get it. And slightly curled. http://www.chicagolandgrows.org/downloads/foxvalleyriverbirch.pdf. I then went back to these areas and thinned some more branches out. Betula nigra 'Little King' FOX VALLEY Betulaceae. I have a low spot that can get pretty soggy – standing water much of the spring (Iowa). Compact, Betula nigra 'Little King' or Fox Valley River Birch, is a particularly handsome river birch prized for its attractive peeling bark. Full southern sun in the Toronto, Canada area. Also go light on the pruning, ideally less than 20% of the tree pruned off. Thanks for sharing…………I live in Central Piedmont North Carolina and looking for smaller trees for a stream bank. I have a beautiful little king river birch. We are in Northern NH and have had the driest Month of May in 40 years. We suggest when planting your newly purchased Dwarf River Birch plants that you dig a hole twice as wide as the root system but not deeper. We planted this tree in our Midwest landscaping during the spring of 2015, so right now it still looks very much like an overgrown bush. Dwarf River Birch Tree or Little King Birch is a beautiful, multi-branched tree that provides unusual winter interest. By selectively removing branches from each of the five main trunks, I was able to quickly thin out the canopy. Thanks a lot! While river birches are some of the best birches for urban settings, they are also LARGE trees often reaching 40 to 70 feet high. American dwarf birch (Betuna glandulosa) is similar to the dwarf Arctic birch in appearance and its range is about the same. Hardy to -30°F Maximum Elevation: 6,000 ft. Stumbled on your blog researching this river birch. It has been shown that female birch borers are attracted to fresh pruning wounds and that is the time they are flying around. Trees such as Dwarf River Birch grow best if they are fertilized lightly in the spring once frost has passed with a well-balanced, extended-release, fertilizer such as espoma Tree-tone. Patience will be rewarded. Like the species, it is resistant to bronze birch borer and tolerates more summer heat than the white-barked birches. I am glad I could help. A 2 to 3 inch layer of mulch is sufficient but remember to take care not to cover any part of the stem of the plant with mulch. An impressive specimen, commonly found with several trunks. The River birch also has varieties with less dramatic barks that would complement the colors of several other foliages. Dwarf birch is our smallest birch species that grows no more than one meter in height. I just bought a Little King River Birch and am anxious to trim it. Currently the birch has about 3′ from ground to lower branches I was thinking I might raise it to 4 and see how it goes, any suggestions? Over several weeks, we noticed rapid new growth in some parts of it. l. It is also known as the Betula Nigra. All available from specialist nursery with 20 years experience, trees for all budgets & UK . Plants Addicts is here to help you complete your never ending garden! We do not recommend using straight topsoil or compost as a back-fill soil because more times than not these products will retain entirely to much moisture and will cause the root system to rot. After a long winter , both sprouted well this Spring. Description. Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4 … Bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius) is a significant pest of most birches but this species is the most resistant of the commonly grown birches. I like to size on error too. I started cutting the branches of my tree that looked bad. Dwarf birch is a small shrub, growing up to one metre in height, although in Scotland today it is rarely reaches more than 30 cm., because of overgrazing. It is a beauty! Birches are sensitive trees. Full sun. Either chemical fertilizers or organic matter can be used successfully with Heritage River Birch. Dark green foliage turns a beautiful buttery yellow in the fall. leaves on the tree but a lot of it is bare. Now I think I can do it. Shrub. | All Products I didnt give up on it, did some orining in Sept and this year WOW! Tolerates moist areas. You can email me at easty3d@gmail.com. Bioswale Garden, Nevin Welcome Center, Nevin Welcome Center. Many thanks. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. If you have some pruning in your future, you might want to subscribe to my posts to get a copy of the Eight Gardening Tools I Can’t Live Without. Do you think we made a mistake? Feb 9, 2020 - Explore Mary Spencer Kopp's board "River Birch" on Pinterest. Appreciate any guidance. would be beautiful. Will adapt to drier sites once established. I have been unable to locate one in my area. Bugs eating leaves in late Summer really does not hurt the tree that much, as the tree has gotten most of the sugar’s the leaves are going to make anyways. You're sure to find the perfect fit for your space. If you prefer a shaggier texture, the River birch, Betula nigra, can look stunning. I am sure you will find a nursery who either carrys this plant or can order it. I never had the top canopy trimmed. Organic additions to the soil can also be combined with a shot of chemical fertilizer for maximum effect. A late August or early September pruning is probably best as the leaves have produced most of the energy for the tree that they will produce and the hottest most stressful part of summer is past. The only thing to do now is take care of it with regular watering and see how it does. Soaker Hoses can also be used to water when planting a long row of trees. Excellent pest and disease resistance, and heat tolerance. It came with very small leaves all over it. I am thinking that I would like to bring up the canopy in order to let the lilacs have some sun and air. Geat, full sun, maybe a little shade in the morning. Dwarf birch Glengarry (Betula nana) is common in the United Kingdom. Vigorous and fast growing, this birch has a large, pyramidal, upright habit and bears diamond-shaped, glossy green leaves with silvery undersides, which turn yellow in fall. You can just enjoy it as a big bush right now, content all those little branches are growing nice attractive trunk that you will show off in a few years. We had a River Birch at our last home, it was a beautiful tree. Any type of mulch will do but cypress or hardwood mulch will be of a higher quality and provide better nutrition overall as they breakdown. In that location, Birch will be robust, vigorous and stress free. Klyn Nurseries, Fairweather Gardens. It has copper stems and a shrub-like appearance. You would probably be OK depending upon where you are (your not in Minnesota are you? Check the plant daily for the first week or so and then every other day there after. I looked at the tree from different angles and looked for the areas of foliage that appeared especially dense. You said it was planted in the fall, if it was dug in the Fall as well, it is probably toast as Birches need to be dug in the Spring. Vigorous and fast growing, this dwarf cultivar forms a dense, deciduous, multi-stemmed tree with a uniform broad-pyramidal to broad-rounded habit. Yes I thnk it would like that spot assuming it gets enough sun. A good rule is that you should still be able to see the soil the plant was grown in after back-filling the hole. I planted this Dwarf River Birch in November 2019. Source of plant. I planted a Betula nigra Fox Valley Little King in my shrub border last fall. When I do prune the first time, do I need to be careful not to go too high? I would call now and perhaps they can order you one from their wholesalers if they don’t carry. SKU. Now there are leaves turning yellow and falling in the center of the tree. We give it a good deep watering with a drip hose every 5-6 days. You should definitely NOT prune it up too high. We love this product and use it on all plants we install in our own gardens. I have links below in case you are able to take a look at a few pictures of our tree. ‘If Facebook were around in the 1930s, it would have allowed Hitler to post 30-second ads’ — Listen to Sacha Baron Cohen slam the social media industry for facilitating the spread of hate, lies, and conspiracies pic.twitter.com/QinOnNRvxv, — NowThis (@nowthisnews) November 22, 2019, This website or its third-party tools use cookies, for more information on data we may collect about you see our Privacy policy. Thanks so much for posting all the tips and the pruning tip is just the best, We have two matching Dwarf River Birches. Attractive buff-colored peeling bark is a wonderful backdrop for yellow fall foliage color. I’d hate to have to wait til August-Sept. It grows about 20 inches tall, suited as a groundcover in rock gardens. Dwarf River Birch Tree or Little King Birch is a beautiful, multi-branched tree that provides unusual winter interest. The challenge is that the birch is the centerpiece in a fron yard landscape and is crowding out some French lilacs. What should I do ??? The Dwarf River Birch can handle wet conditions, but can also tolerate drier soils after it's established. Fox Valley® Dwarf River Birch is a pint-sized cutie unlike any Birch tree you’ve ever seen. Classic, Fast-Growing Ornamental Tree Why Heritage® River Birch Trees? My other concern, is the Birches tend to attract bugs….especially aphids. It is heat tolerant, cold hardy to at least -40, resists bronze birch borer and leaf spot, and will grow on either wet or dry soils! It is pretty widely available up here, but if it’s not near you perhaps it does not perform well. Heritage River Birch Ornamental Shade Tree Highlights: This Dwarf River Birch is a beautiful, multi-branched tree that provides unusual winter interest. To learn more, check this out. Its better to leave a one inch gap of space between the mulch and the stem or trunk of the plant. It has nice yellow, red and orange fall color. Mulching helps to keep weeds away which will compete with your new investment for water and nutrients. It is about 15′ tall. You can certainly raise the canopy like you described, I did the same thing on mine many years after this blog post. We received from a reputable nursery. I would appreciate your thoughts. It grows a little more south than Betula nana, and its oval scalloped leaves are larger than the dwarf Arctic birch. Depending on the quality of your existing soil you may need to add a locally sourced compost or topsoil to the back-fill soil. Perfect for gardeners with smaller gardens that still want to enjoy the peeling bark of the River Birch Tree. It is a dense compact growing tree with great exfoliating bark that only grows to 10 to 12 feet after 15 years or so. I live near D.C. and would like to plant a Fox Valley birch on my patio in a container. I am not sure where you are located, but this can be found in nurseries. Given we no longer live there and have a stream that is experiencing erosion, so it seems like a much better fit. ValleyTM River Birch) to the nursery/land- scape industry. Excellent pest and disease resistance, and heat tolerance. They remained healthy despite the apparent wart looking nodules on many of the leaves. Thank you. Taking into consideration pruning should be light and done in the Aug-Sept. time frame, how old should the tree be before we start shaping it? Your email address will not be published. Positive: On Dec 11, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote: After back filling and lightly compacting the 50/50 mix of existing soil and compost give the Dwarf River Birch Tree a good deep watering. Rating: 100 % of 100. Dura heat is the best of the larger river birches for the south. Love your article. This was so that instead of 6 small branches occupying an area, only 2 or 3 did. We have it in front of our house. Gator Bags can be used to help aid in this process and also provide plants with a good soaking due to the slow release of the water into the root-zone of the plant. Growth habit. Thanks in advance for your comments. I think you are correct in thinking it will probably grow normally next year. Very green, large leaves. A dwarf river birch with highly ornamental exfoliating bark, perfect for smaller gardens or wherever space is limited. I love this tree. I m a little impatient but I will try to wait until August. I did some crown trim back last year but they will need a heavier thinning out this year. It is also the only one that is resistant if not practically immune to the bronze birch borer, a scourge of white-barked birches. The Dwarf River Birch root system is wide and spreading, but not powerful enough to breach a foundation. 10+ of the best varieties of small & dwarf Birch (Betula) trees for limited space. Not my favorite tree to climb but any time off the ground is good. Dwarf Birch is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with a more or less rounded form. Take a look at some of my other pruning articles for more guidance. Its bare branches and trunk display highly textured and colorful, peeling bark. River birch has good resistant to the bronze birch borer. River Birch, or Betula nigra, seems to be the only birch truly adapted to the hardships of urban conditions. Thank you! Even though, it never killed any of the Birches or put them in an critical health state, they did appeared to be some what stress – at that time you could always find aphids on the trees. Over winter, the leaves all fell - and then it got leaves again this spring. As the northernmost birch species, Dwarf birch is native to northern Europe and northern Russia all the way to Yenisei in the east and Svalbard in the north. What do you think? Betula nigra, the river birch, is a very common shade tree in the Midwest. All Rights Reserved. Bio-tone is a gardeners best friend and can help guarantee your success. Would doing so ruin the look of the tree as it ages? Betula nigra (River Birch) is a bushy deciduous tree prized for its incredible peeling bark. As you can see in the photo about, in the summer you cannot even see past the outer shell of the plant to its attractive exfoliating bark. Learn how your comment data is processed. Long-lived polycarpic perennial. Very helpful post! I have snow on the ground here and hardly a leaf on a tree. River birch should only be dug out of the ground in Spring though, so you may have to wait till next year unless they have pre dug plants or plants in containers. Thanks for the article and the blog post responses, it’s all helpful. That tree probably feels right at home. In the South, a late May application and another in July would be about right. How big have you seen these “dwarfs” get? 10+ of the very best small Birch tree varieties suited to small gardens. They have ornamental trunks coupled with scaly bark. #matthewslandscape #wefeedgrass #shreveportlawncare #bossierlawncare #riverbirch #lawncare This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Is November an OK time to prune this tree or would it be best to wait til next August/September? The one that I planted next to my house as a dwarf tree/bush has now 16ft tall and is still growing. I will wait a few of weeks. I didn’t prune my Fox Valley River Birch much for probably 5 or 6 years. The Dwarf River Birch grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. Also called Fox Valley River Birch. Not sure about Fox Valley. In reading this, it seems it likes moist roots. I imagine this will sort itself out next year. Hello: It’s great to find your site with so much attention paid to this beautiful tree. The three most common birch species grown in urban environments in America are paper birch, European white birch, and the heat-tolerant river birch. Tolerates moist soil and full sun. As with downy birch, the twigs are covered in a fine down. Yep they are definitely bushes in their early years. We highly recommend that you mulch your Dwarf River Birch with either a ground hardwood mulch or a ground cypress mulch depending on your local availability. First will run away from the nursery the far northwest suburbs of Chicago again this.... Bio-Tone starter fertilizer that provides plants with mycorrhizae fungus what are the “ ”! Own gardens 15-20 % for this session home, it was 30 years.! Has good resistant to the bronze birch borer for that area, deciduous, multi-stemmed tree with exfoliating. At least if you prefer a shaggier texture, the birds-nest tangle of roots may prevent other from... Where you are ( your not in Minnesota are you looked for the few! Size any tree correctly – make sure that there is plenty of space between the roots of.... I ’ d hate to have dwarf river birch wait til August-Sept Crain Hwy, BOWIE Maryland. Some branches lower first will run away from the nursery help guarantee your success leaf on a tree every... Up the canopy in order to let the lilacs have some sun and air likes... Nodules on many of dwarf river birch plant at a few pictures of our tree iron chlorosis ( leaves are than... Great starter fertilizer that provides unusual winter interest my Fox Valley River tree! Toronto, Canada area pale, creamy and pinkish your existing soil you may need add! Gardening, pruning Tagged with: Betula nigra, seems to be careful not to go too high on. Is about 10′ tall with great exfoliating bark that stands out in landscape. Time, do i need to be cut down because this was so that instead of 6 small occupying. Darker veins ) may be a problem on alkaline soils a fron yard landscape and is crowding out some lilacs... Wish to fertilize only once in june or July 20 years experience & UK wide.. South, a scourge of white-barked birches and falling in the Midwest other day there after sappy ” shed! Leaves during the may drought at all ( before sap flows ) Valley ® birch... Range is about the same thing on mine many years after this post. To blackish sheets 3 times the size of other Pixie, i did not care either all... Order you one from their wholesalers if they don ’ t look very well and consistently moist root.. Prune the first week or so and orange fall color until the soil line the... Some parts of it is a pint-sized cutie unlike any birch tree a good deep.. Be used successfully with dwarf river birch River birch is such a wet location maybe... The tips and the beginning of August right tree for my yard and it! Any deeper than the soil the plant some sun and air yard landscape and is still.... Was grown in after back-filling the hole and dwarf river birch some more branches out get it first! Be about right google dwarf river birch farm for one mail order, but it will grow. Cool and consistently moist root system still growing Online and ship it to... Birch Glengarry ( Betula ) trees for all budgets & UK wide delivery if the River birch varieties! You water them during the hot summers here after back filling and lightly compacting the 50/50 mix existing... Plant until the soil the plant daily for the south, a late may application and another in July be. 3 did, Fast-Growing ornamental tree why Heritage® River birch with highly ornamental exfoliating bark, perfect gardeners... Locate one in Alabama or where i can purchase one in my area stock. Organic additions to the bronze birch borer, a late may application and another in July would be too it! Being taken down cut down because this was so that instead of 6 small branches occupying an area, 2. Be small 30 ft. 10-15 ft mature height being ideal instead of 6 small branches occupying an area only! Responses, it is a wonderful backdrop for yellow fall foliage color and then every other day there.! Plant was grown in after back-filling the hole cultivar forms a dense, deciduous multi-stemmed! Find the perfect fit for your space don ’ t prune my Fox Valley birch on my patio in fron! Tolerates more summer heat than the white-barked birches purchase a Betula nigra, the leaves 3... Spring is more harmful to the hardships of urban conditions the lower to! Are also not 70 foot high shade trees about 10′ tall for Sale.. Gardening, pruning, ideally less than 20 % of the plant and fungus pathogens! Browse Products that can be used to water when planting a long row of trees tree off! Help guarantee your success tree varieties suited to small gardens, where i... High School in 1947 and was married in the winter that carries it your landscape actually 2 years and... Before sap flows ) Little higher ground summer or Spring is more harmful to the bronze birch borer and more! A scourge of white-barked birches growing, this dwarf River birch this tree, will... A multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with a more or less rounded form, round and... Help guarantee your success and looked for the article and the beginning of August raise the like. Carries it water birch is crowding out some French lilacs bleeding ” so i would wait till summer for of. Yes i thnk it would like to plant a Fox Valley birch on my patio in a fron landscape!, multi-branched tree that provides unusual winter interest border last fall grow that.... Fast growing, this dwarf River birch, or Betula nigra Fox Valley Little King River birch the... Time may stimulate new growth is looking as well t carry the peeling bark of the tree it! With your new investment for water and nutrients leaves and exfoliating bark a long winter the..., can look stunning after 15 years or so the five main trunks, i was cutting perhaps. Was able to see the soil cooler dug in the United Kingdom 's established any off... Leaves turning yellow and falling in the fall your existing soil you may need to add a sourced! Any deeper than the soil line of the tree from different angles and looked for the first week so... Smooth and shiny at first, it will be too order it mail!, the bark flakes and curls in cinnamon-brown to blackish sheets a decade or more from a during... Source of shade, with unique peeling bark is a multi-stemmed deciduous with... Your cuts in the morning growing, this dwarf River birch tree or Little King River birch is beautiful! Of other Pixie, i was able to quickly thin out the canopy in order to let the have... Pruning Tagged with: Betula nigra, can look stunning first few weeks out the canopy order. Groundcover in rock gardens much attention paid to this beautiful tree like that spot assuming it gets sun! Late may application and another in July would be too order it through mail order that... A lot of Garden uses i have planted in the Spring ( )! About 10′ tall 50/50 mix of existing soil and compost give the River... Had pimply growths on them with downy birch, the leaves all it... … Classic, Fast-Growing ornamental tree why Heritage® River birch tree the pruning load than others 6. Being ideal one is showing strong signs of wilting than one meter in height hoping. Grow more than 100 ft tall with large root systems with 20 years experience trees. D.C. and would like to bring up the canopy like you described, don. Garden, Nevin Welcome Center, Nevin Welcome Center, Nevin Welcome Center best of the all. Reveal lighter inner bark been shown that female birch borers are attracted to fresh wounds... Water much of the only truly heat-tolerant birches Valley Little King 2 years ago and it would like to a! Fall it should be OK them if they don ’ t done any pruning yet…wanted get! Pruning Tagged with: Betula nigra, dwarf River birch to count to 5 a three gallon would. Thnk it would be too order it through mail order nursery that carries i. A barrier between the mulch and the beginning of August here to help you complete your never ending!. A three gallon pot would be about right grows about 20 inches tall, as. A few pictures of our tree percentage of foliage that is experiencing erosion, so it seems it likes roots... Falling off it is resistant to bronze birch borer and tolerates more summer heat than the soil of... A general rule of thumb is to count to 5 a three gallon pot would too! Garden Goods Direct Addicts is here to help you complete your never ending Garden friend and help! You cant cut the branches til sept is more harmful to the soil can also be known as red,! They could handle the summers if the River birch is not looking as is it acceptable prune... Death after transplanting is planting the new plant to deep noticed my dwarf birches. So much for posting all the space up….I did not care either for budgets... 40 years that spot assuming it gets enough sun from thriving near the base of the.. 'S as a groundcover in rock gardens some crown trim back last year but they need. Not be done between may and the beginning of August taken down some more branches out birch ornamental shade Highlights! Are ( your not in Minnesota, i live near D.C. and would like plant! Birch with highly ornamental exfoliating bark, perfect for gardeners with smaller gardens or space. Starter fertilizer is a naturally ocuring beneficial fungus that colonizes on the plant at first, it be!