[9], The decoration, designed by Edward Carter Preston,[10] is a cross flory, 2.125 inches (54.0 mm) wide. Category:Recipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross and Bar (United Kingdom) Category:Recipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross and two Bars (United Kingdom) Maurice C. H. Barber [3], The award was established on 3 June 1918, shortly after the formation of the Royal Air Force (RAF), with the Royal Warrant published on 5 December 1919. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). 35 Squadron, RAF "Received in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations. Army Air Force Recipients 1* We estimate that our database is 99.99% complete and accurate. [5], Since the 1993 review of the honours system as part of the drive to remove distinctions of rank in bravery awards, all ranks of all arms of the Armed Forces have been eligible, and the Distinguished Flying Medal, which had until then been awarded to other ranks, was discontinued. [4], The reverse is plain, except for a central roundel bearing the reigning monarch's cypher and the date '1918'. This comprises 46 for World War I, 927 with 34 first and three second award bars for World War II, eight with three bars to members of the US Air Force for the Korean War,[12] and one to the US Marine Corps during the Iraq War. Bars awarded during World War II have the year of award engraved on the reverse. The ribbon bar denoting a further award is silver, with the Royal Air Force eagle in its centre. The Distinguished Flying Cross is awarded to any officer or enlisted member of the United States Armed Forces who distinguishes himself or herself in support of operations by "heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight, subsequent to November 11, 1918.” One member of the AFC was awarded the Victoria Cross and another 40 received the Distinguished Flying Cross, including two who received the awarded three times. DFC Bar. Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) Context. He was a pioneer military aviator and one of the first ten recipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross. the United Kingdom could come home with an Air Medal with three clusters plus a Distinguished Flying Cross after 25 missions. For World War II, 4,018 DFCs with 213 first bars and six second bars were earned by members of the Royal Canadian Air Force, with a further 247 crosses and 34 first bars to Canadians serving with the RAF. ; Richard Bong – The most decorated and highest scoring flying ace from WWII with 40 Japanese aircraft shot down in his P-38 Lightning fighter. Cpt Eric Guy Brookes, RFC (later RAF), gazetted 3 August 1918. [6] While remaining a reward for "flying in active operations against the enemy", the requirement was changed from "valour, courage or devotion to duty"[3] to "exemplary gallantry". [4], A bar is added to the ribbon for holders of the DFC who received a further award, with a silver rosette worn on the ribbon when worn alone to denote the award of each bar. Charles A. Lindbergh, of the U.S. Army Corps Reserve, for his solo flight of 3,600 miles across the Atlantic in 1927, a feat which electrified the world and made Lindbergh one of America's most popular heroes. The Distinguished Flying Cross (or DFC) was established in June 1918, shortly after the formation of the Royal Air Force (RAF), for officers and warrant officers of the RAF for “an act or acts of valor, courage, or devotion to duty whilst flying in active operations against the enemy“. The Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) is the third-level military medal given to members of the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force and other services.It was also given to members of other Commonwealth countries. Eligibility and criteria. The Distinguished Flying Medal was a military decoration awarded to personnel of the Royal Air Force (United Kingdom) and the other services, and formerly also to personnel of other Commonwealth countries, below commissioned rank, for "an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying in active operations against the enemy".. In the centre is a laurel wreath around the RAF monogram, surmounted by a heraldic Imperial Crown. The medal was awarded for "an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying in active operations against the enemy". First established By King Edward VII, 28 June 1901 as the Conspicuous Service Cross, it was renamed the Distinguished Service Cross in 1914, with bars to the DSC added in 1916. He would be awarded seven Distinguished Flying Crosses in all. The figures to 1979 are laid out in the table below,[12] the dates reflecting the relevant entries in the London Gazette: In addition, between 1980 and 2017 approximately 80 DFCs have been earned, including awards for the Falklands and the wars in the Gulf, Iraq and Afghanistan. In 1999 the DFC was replaced by the New Zealand Gallantry Decoration. The Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to personnel of the United Kingdom’s Royal Air Force and other services, and formerly to officers of other Commonwealth countries, instituted for “an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying in active operations against the enemy”. Distinguished Service Cross - World War II There are over 5,000 recipients of the Distinguished Service Cross awarded for service during World War II. [9], Recipients are entitled to use the post-nominal letters "DFC". Posthumous awards were permitted from 1979. The cross is awarded to officers and Warrant Officers for an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty performed whilst flying in active operations against the enemy. BACKGROUND. The medal was instituted in June 1918 and was awarded to personnel of the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force and other services, and formerly to officers of other Commonwealth countries, for ‘…an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying in active operations against the enemy’. 26.1.... Gordon Bryce Francis Cousens, OBE, DSO, DFC, Chevalier de la Couronne (1912 - 1976) The Distinguished Flying Cross was authorized by Section 12 of the Air Corps Act enacted by the United States Congress on July 2, 1926, as amended by Executive Order 7786 on January 8, 1938.The first award of the Distinguished Flying Cross was made by President Calvin Coolidge on May 2, 1927, to ten aviators of the Air Corps who had participated in the U.S. Army Pan American Flight, which took place from December 21, 1926 to May 2, … Recipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross (United Kingdom), Distinguished Flying Cross (United Kingdom), Australian recipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross (United Kingdom), Recipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross and Bar (United Kingdom), Recipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross and two Bars (United Kingdom), Sholto Douglas, 1st Baron Douglas of Kirtleside, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Recipients_of_the_Distinguished_Flying_Cross_(United_Kingdom)&oldid=951653374, Recipients of United Kingdom military awards and decorations, Template Category TOC via CatAutoTOC on category with 601–900 pages, CatAutoTOC generates standard Category TOC, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 April 2020, at 05:39. Media in category "Recipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross (United Kingdom)" The following 24 files are in this category, out of 24 total. No rules for the award of these medals could be made at Headquarters Army Air Forces, as it was too far from the field of combat to know the intimate problems of the separate Air Forces. Media in category "Recipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross (United States)" The following 91 files are in this category, out of 91 total. The medal was established on 3 rd June, 1918. The horizontal and bottom bars are terminated with bumps, the upper bar with a rose. [18], A total of 1,022 honorary awards have been made to members of allied foreign forces. Brookes was a Gloucestershire-born WW1 flying ace who flew the Sopwith Camel, and was credited with 6 aerial victories. In March 1941 eligibility was extended to Naval Officers of the Fleet Air Arm, and in November 1942 to Army officers,[4] including Royal Artillery officers serving on attachment to the RAF as pilots-cum-artillery observers. This award was established on 03 June 1918. Distinguished Flying Cross Recipients. [19], Military decoration of the United Kingdom, Sorted in order of wear per era or 1994 constituent force, Category:Recipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross (United Kingdom), Commonwealth Realms orders and decorations, "Medals: campaigns, descriptions and eligibility", "JSP 761: Honours and Awards in the Armed Forces", London Gazette Supplement, 8 October 1982, London Gazette Supplement, 30 September 2003, Veterans Affairs Canada – Distinguished Flying Cross, New Zealand Defence Force: British Commonwealth Gallantry Awards: Distinguished Flying Cross, "Recommendation: Distinguished Flying Cross", "BBC News | UK | Queen honours brave pilots", Search recommendations for the Distinguished Flying Cross on The National Archives website, Queen's Police Medal, for Gallantry (QPM), Queen's Fire Service Medal, for Gallantry (QFSM), Queen's Police Medal, for Distinguished Service (QPM), Queen's Fire Service Medal, for Distinguished Service (QFSM), Merchant Navy Medal for Meritorious Service (MNM), Queen's Commendation for Bravery in the Air, Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service, Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying) (CGM), Union of South Africa King's Medal for Bravery, Gold, Royal West African Frontier Force Distinguished Conduct Medal, King's African Rifles Distinguished Conduct Medal, Indian Distinguished Service Medal (IDSM), Union of South Africa Queen's Medal for Bravery (Silver), Kaisar-i-Hind Medal (Gold, Silver, Bronze), Sierra Leone Fire Brigades Medal, for Gallantry, Colonial Police Medal, for Gallantry (CPM), Indian Police Medal, for Meritorious Service, Sierra Leone Police Medal, for Meritorious Service, Sierra Leone Fire Brigades Medal, for Meritorious Service, King's/Queen's Commendation for Brave Conduct, King's/Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service in the Air (1942-94), Australian Honours Order of Precedence prior to 6 October 1992, Queen's Police Medal for Distinguished Service, Queen's Fire Service Medal for Distinguished Service, South African military decorations and medals, Meritorious Service Medal (United Kingdom), Meritorious Service Medal (Cape of Good Hope), Army Long Service and Good Conduct Medal (Cape of Good Hope), Army Long Service and Good Conduct Medal (Natal), Permanent Forces of the Empire Beyond the Seas Medal, Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct (South Africa), Volunteer Officers' Decoration for India and the Colonies, Volunteer Long Service Medal for India and the Colonies, Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers' Decoration, Colonial Auxiliary Forces Long Service Medal, Decoration for Officers of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal, King's Medal for Champion Shots in the Military Forces, Union of South Africa Commemoration Medal, Cape Copper Company Medal for the Defence of O'okiep, Medal for Distinguished Conduct and Loyal Service, Queen's Medal for Champion Shots in the Military Forces, National Cadet Bisley Grand Champion Medal, Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct, Gold, Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct, Silver, Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct, Bronze, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Distinguished_Flying_Cross_(United_Kingdom)&oldid=995053752, Military awards and decorations of the United Kingdom, 1918 establishments in the United Kingdom, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 23:57. 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