The 6th Army slowly starved. Location of army's units is as it was previously. [136] The Turkish Consul in Moscow predicted that "the lands which the Germans have destined for their living space will become their dying space". [39], On 25 July the Germans faced stiff resistance with a Soviet bridgehead west of Kalach. Another advance to the river south of the city followed, while the Soviets abandoned their Rossoshka position for the inner defensive ring west of Stalingrad. Toward the end of the battle, the gigantic railroad gun nicknamed Dora was brought into the area. "Исторические документы. Army Group B was commanded by General Maximilian von Weichs.[24]:915. However, the combination of constant air support operations on the German side and the Soviet surrender of the daytime skies began to affect the strategic balance in the air. Writing in his diary on 1 January 1943, British General Alan Brooke, Chief of the Imperial General Staff, reflected on the change in the position from a year before: I felt Russia could never hold, Caucasus was bound to be penetrated, and Abadan (our Achilles heel) would be captured with the consequent collapse of Middle East, India, etc. Ultimately, however, Romanian armoured warfare proved to be a tactical success, as the Romanians destroyed 127 Soviet tanks for the cost of their 100 lost units. Rodimtsev's 13th Guards Rifle Division had been hurried up to cross the river and join the defenders inside the city. [137] Britain's conservative The Daily Telegraph proclaimed that the victory had saved European civilisation. Some German holdouts continued to operate in the city and resist until early March 1943. [33]:153 As Zhukov states, "The military and political leadership of Nazi Germany sought not to relieve them, but to get them to fight on for as long possible so as to tie up the Soviet forces. Yes, we felt better. The term Stalingrad has become almost synonymous with large-scale urban battles with high casualties on both sides. Paulus refused, concerned about the Red Army attacks on the flank of Army Group Don and Army Group B in their advance on Rostov-on-Don, "an early abandonment" of Stalingrad "would result in the destruction of Army Group A in the Caucasus", and the fact that his 6th Army tanks only had fuel for a 30 km advance towards Hoth's spearhead, a futile effort if they did not receive assurance of resupply by air. The burden of the initial defence of the city fell on the 1077th Anti-Aircraft Regiment,[41]:106 a unit made up mainly of young female volunteers who had no training for engaging ground targets. [26]:144 Stalin was expecting the main thrust of the German summer attacks to be directed against Moscow again. –, Biesinger (2006: 699): "On August 23, 1942, the Germans began their attack. But in its defensive position on the Volga, the 6th Army continued to tie down a significant number of Soviet Armies. On 20 November, a second Soviet offensive (two armies) was launched to the south of Stalingrad against points held by the Romanian 4th Army Corps. It took a few more days for them to prepare for the most savage offensive of all, which was unleashed on 14 October with a concentration of gunfire never seen before. Wir haben uns dem Ziel angenommen, Varianten verschiedenster Variante ausführlichst zu testen, sodass potentielle Käufer schnell den Sturmovik battle of stalingrad sich aneignen können, den Sie zu Hause für gut befinden. Make use of the dynamic and strategic HEROES SYSTEM : TACTICAL SCALE and dive right into one of the most decisive battles of the Second World War. Similarly, Operation Wilhelm attacked Voltshansk on 13 June, and Operation Fridericus attacked Kupiansk on 22 June.[33]. Some were kept in the city to help rebuild it. This was accomplished by Romanian Vickers/Reșița 75 mm anti-aircraft guns, which proved effective against Soviet armour. Almost every letter expressed belief in Germany's ultimate victory and their willingness to fight and die at Stalingrad to achieve that victory. Of his questions to Army Group Don, Paulus was told, "Wait, implement Operation 'Thunderclap' only on explicit orders!" According to Zhukov, "German operational blunders were aggravated by poor intelligence: they failed to spot preparations for the major counter-offensive near Stalingrad where there were 10 field, 1 tank and 4 air armies. Based on Soviet records, over 10,000 German soldiers continued to resist in isolated groups within the city for the next month. Play as your favourite Hero alongside your friendly troops during two-player games of 30 minutes or more. Heroes of Stalingrad is the new standalone wargame by Devil Pig Games. Sources differ on the number flown out: at least 25,000 to at most 35,000. The 4th Panzer Army, ordered south on 13 July to block the Soviet retreat "weakened by the 17th Army and the 1st Panzer Army", had turned northwards to help take the city from the south. A year of German gains during Case Blue had been wiped out. "They'll be taken away tomorrow, I suppose." Several attempts to re-establish a defensive line failed when German units outflanked them. Artillery spotters were an especially prized target for snipers. London: Penguin. The outcome of the airlift was the Luftwaffe's failure to provide its transport units with the tools they needed to maintain an adequate count of operational aircraft – tools that included airfield facilities, supplies, manpower, and even aircraft suited to the prevailing conditions. The remaining forces continued to resist, hiding in cellars and sewers but by early March 1943, the last small and isolated pockets of resistance had surrendered. A handful of senior officers were taken to Moscow and used for propaganda purposes, and some of them joined the National Committee for a Free Germany. Most notably, he promoted Paulus to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall. The Germans were now not only starving, but running out of ammunition. Not all of the 6th Army was trapped: 50,000 soldiers were brushed aside outside the pocket. [1]:122 The exact number of civilians killed is unknown but was most likely very high. "[59] After conducting hundreds of interviews with Soviet veterans on the subject of terror on the Eastern Front – and specifically about Order No. Anton Joly, Stalingrad Battle Atlas, Volume II (2017), 34. Thinly spread, deployed in exposed positions, outnumbered and poorly equipped, the Romanian 3rd Army, which held the northern flank of the German 6th Army, was overrun. With the advance now slowed, Hitler changed his mind and reassigned the 4th Panzer Army back to the attack on Stalingrad. Buy Company of Heroes 2 - Victory at Stalingrad Mission Pack. At the start, Stalingrad was no more than a name on the map to us. The LVII Panzer Corps, commanded by General Friedrich Kirchner, had been weak at first. Sensing that this was the last chance for a breakout, Manstein pleaded with Hitler on 18 December, but Hitler refused. [4]:195 Determined to crush Soviet resistance, Luftflotte 4's Stukawaffe flew 900 individual sorties against Soviet positions at the Stalingrad Tractor Factory on 5 October. Beyond that army, a single German division, the 16th Motorised Infantry, covered 400 km. Occasionally Italian actions were mentioned in official German communiques. The Soviets responded by fixing fish hooks to the grenades so they stuck to the nets when thrown. And, at the far end of the yard, besides the other cesspool, behind a low stone wall, the yellow corpses of skinny Germans were piled up – men who had died in that basement—about a dozen wax-like dummies. But as he passed, I caught a glimpse of the wretch's face – with its mixture of suffering and idiot-like incomprehension. [41]:117 The operation was code-named "Uranus" and launched in conjunction with Operation Mars, which was directed at Army Group Center. Amid the debris of the wrecked city, the Soviet 62nd and 64th Armies, which included the Soviet 13th Guards Rifle Division, anchored their defence lines with strong-points in houses and factories. [80], The Royal Romanian Air Force was also involved in the Axis air operations at Stalingrad. Hence it was ineffective in relieving the 6th army. In the Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943), Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.Marked by fierce close-quarters combat and direct assaults on civilians in air raids, it is one of the bloodiest battles in the history of warfare, with an estimated 2 million total casualties. [33]:212[105][106], On the next day, the southern pocket in Stalingrad collapsed. Unabhängig davon, dass diese Bewertungen nicht selten nicht ganz objektiv sind, geben die Bewertungen generell einen guten Anlaufpunkt; Was für eine Intention beabsichtigen Sie mit Ihrem Sturmovik battle of stalingrad? The Red Army gradually adopted a strategy to hold for as long as possible all the ground in the city. The Romanian Air Force lost 79 aircraft, most of them captured on the ground along with their airfields. After Russia's defeat how were we to handle the German land and air forces liberated? Starting 23 October 1942, Romanian pilots flew a total of 4,000 sorties, during which they destroyed 61 Soviet aircraft. [30], The Soviets realised their critical situation, ordering everyone who could hold a rifle into the fight.[31]:94. This Battle Pack contains: The 2 factory tiles and its mini-campaign of 3 scenarios; 1 NKVD battalion and its recruitment options; 1 Shturmovye Gruppy and its recruitment options Later, when the Tatsinskaya Airfield was also captured, the Romanian 75 mm guns destroyed five more Soviet tanks. [41]:109 Staff and students from the local technical university formed a "tank destroyer" unit. Hitler was confident that he could break the Red Army despite the heavy German losses west of Moscow in winter 1941-42, because Army Group Centre (Heeresgruppe Mitte) had been unable to engage 65% of its infantry, which had meanwhile been rested and re-equipped. Luftflotte 4 flew 1,250 sorties on 14 October and its Stukas dropped 550 tonnes of bombs, while German infantry surrounded the three factories. The civilians were often sent into battle without rifles. When Strecker finally surrendered, he and his Chief of Staff, Helmuth Groscurth, drafted the final signal sent from Stalingrad, purposely omitting the customary exclamation to Hitler, replacing it with "Long live Germany! Some 35,000 were eventually sent on transports, of which 17,000 did not survive. Paulus himself also doubted the feasibility of such a breakout. [90] The American historian Gerhard Weinberg wrote that Manstein distorted his record on the matter. Hrvatska pukovnija 369. na Istočnom bojištu 1941–1943. Bloody urban warfare began again in Stalingrad, but this time it was the Germans who were pushed back to the banks of the Volga. Perform heroic deeds of derring-do as seen in many War movies. Of the 120 tanks the Soviets had committed, 30 were lost to air attack.[1]:75. Winter Storm, as Zhukov had predicted, was originally planned as a two-pronged attack. The northern pocket consisting of the VIIIth Corps, under General Walter Heitz, and the XIth Corps, was now cut off from telephone communication with Paulus in the southern pocket. On 23 August the 6th Army reached the outskirts of Stalingrad in pursuit of the 62nd and 64th Armies, which had fallen back into the city. Ninety percent of the living space in the Voroshilovskiy area was destroyed. Over 30 percent of its soldiers were killed in the first 24 hours, and just 320 out of the original 10,000 survived the entire battle. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFManstein2004 (. [107][108], There was no cameraman to film the capture of Paulus, but one of them (Roman Karmen) was able to record his first interrogation this same day, at Shumilov's 64th Army's HQ, and a few hours later at Rokossovsky's Don Front HQ. The 62nd Army had been cut in two and, due to intensive air attack on its supply ferries, was receiving much less material support. Most died of wounds, disease (particularly typhus), cold, overwork, mistreatment and malnutrition. [1]:122–23 According to a contemporary Soviet report, 5,762 guns, 1,312 mortars, 12,701 heavy machine guns, 156,987 rifles, 80,438 sub-machine guns, 10,722 trucks, 744 aircraft; 1,666 tanks, 261 other armoured vehicles, 571 half-tracks and 10,679 motorcycles were captured by the Soviets. Combat raged for three days at the giant grain elevator in the south of the city. However, a number of German and Romanian units that were to take part in Blau were besieging Sevastopol on the Crimean Peninsula. The VVS bases in the immediate area lost 201 aircraft between 23 and 31 August, and despite meagre reinforcements of some 100 aircraft in August, it was left with just 192 serviceable aircraft, 57 of which were fighters. The forces under the 6th Army were almost twice as large as a regular German army unit, plus there was also a corps of the 4th Panzer Army trapped in the pocket. The Germans made slow but steady progress through the city.  |work =PBS Sgt. The sick and wounded reached 40,000 to 50,000. at Stalingrad – Catherine Merridale notes that, seemingly paradoxically, "their response was frequently relief. German military doctrine was based on the principle of combined-arms teams and close cooperation between tanks, infantry, engineers, artillery and ground-attack aircraft. Anton Joly, Stalingrad Battle Atlas, Volume I (Paris: 2017), 81. [1]:73, The losses of transport planes were especially serious, as they destroyed the capacity for supply of the trapped 6th Army.  |title=Secrets of The Dead: Deadliest Battle Some of the taller buildings, blasted into roofless shells by earlier German aerial bombardment, saw floor-by-floor, close-quarters combat, with the Germans and Soviets on alternate levels, firing at each other through holes in the floors. The start of Case Blue had been planned for late May 1942. 2 Nomonhan: Japanese-Soviet Tactical Combat, 1939; MAPS, Meine Stalingradeinsätze (My Stalingrad Sorties), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wQ4Jz0H4fAA&feature=youtu.be. 8,314 German aircraft were produced from July–December 1942, but this could not keep pace with a three-front aerial war of attrition. It was not until 1955 that the last of the 5,000–6,000 survivors were repatriated (to West Germany) after a plea to the Politburo by Konrad Adenauer. One thrust would come from the area of Kotelnikovo, well to the south, and around a hundred miles from the Sixth Army. [98], The fighting forced a total revaluation of the German situation. Shirer p. 926 says that "Paulus radioed that they would need a minimum of 750 tons of supplies day flown in," while Craig pp. The Soviet Air Force, the Voyenno-Vozdushnye Sily (VVS), was swept aside by the Luftwaffe. The German soldiers – who had hidden themselves in huts and trenches – offered armed resistance after combat actions had already ended. 421. England would be again bombarded, threat of invasion revived... And now! [28]:142[129][130] The Red Army had the initiative, and the Wehrmacht was in retreat. [70] The Soviet command moved units from the Red Army strategic reserve in the Moscow area to the lower Volga, and transferred aircraft from the entire country to the Stalingrad region. Sturmovik battle of stalingrad - Alle Favoriten unter allen verglichenenSturmovik battle of stalingrad! The Ventura and Smugglers, Karl Von Krok, Private Bryan, Extreme Confusion about P500 SON Products, The 2 factory tiles and its mini-campaign of 3 scenarios, 1 NKVD battalion and its recruitment options, 1 Shturmovye Gruppy and its recruitment options, 1 Aufklàrungs and its recruitment options, 1 Panzergrenadiere and its recruitment options, 2 heroes: Papa Koulikov (Russian) and David Kintz (German), The buildings of the working class district. Paulus requested that he be granted permission to accept the terms. The initial objectives in the region around Stalingrad were to destroy the industrial capacity of the city and to block the Volga River traffic connecting the Caucasus and Caspian Sea to central Russia. By 12 September, at the time of their retreat into the city, the Soviet 62nd Army had been reduced to 90 tanks, 700 mortars and just 20,000 personnel. $9.99. Paulus had requested permission to "withdraw the 6th Army behind the Don," but was rejected. [73], The German onslaught crushed the 37th Guards Rifle Division of Major General Viktor Zholudev and in the afternoon the forward assault group reached the tractor factory before arriving at the Volga River, splitting the 62nd Army into two. [38] The Italians were forced to retreat only after a massive armoured attack in which German reinforcements failed to arrive in time, according to a German historian. But already the enemy was attacking the station with their battle-cries of 'Urrah!'" These tanks, unpainted and lacking gun-sights, were driven directly from the factory floor to the front line. [41] The soldiers found about ten Soviet civilians hiding in the basement. [122] On 18 February, Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels gave the famous Sportpalast speech in Berlin, encouraging the Germans to accept a total war that would claim all resources and efforts from the entire population. [1]:80 However the predictable nature of the relief operation brought significant risk for all German forces in the area. Before Operation Uranus, the 1st Romanian Armoured Division consisted of 121 R-2 light tanks and 19 German-produced tanks (Panzer III and IV). [48] During the battle the 62nd Army had the most arrests and executions: 203 in all, of which 49 were executed, while 139 were sent to penal companies and battalions. The strain on both military commanders was immense: Paulus developed an uncontrollable tic in his eye, which eventually afflicted the left side of his face, while Chuikov experienced an outbreak of eczema that required him to have his hands completely bandaged. Only 27 of the latter were lost in combat, however, the remaining 54 being abandoned after breaking down or running out of fuel. In recognition of the determination of its defenders, Stalingrad was awarded the title Hero City in 1945. Daily sorties decreased from 1,343 per day to 975 per day. [44] After 23 January, there were no more reported landings, just intermittent air drops of ammunition and food until the end. "[41]:127 The battle earned him one of his two Hero of the Soviet Union awards. [77], From 5 to 12 September, Luftflotte 4 conducted 7,507 sorties (938 per day). The German forces arrive in the working-class district of Stalingrad and tries to capture one of the factories, but the Russian forces will not let them! The wings of the 6th Army and the 4th Panzer Army met near Jablotchni along the Zaritza on 2 Sept.[33]:65 By 1 September, the Soviets could only reinforce and supply their forces in Stalingrad by perilous crossings of the Volga under constant bombardment by artillery and aircraft. [4]:195 The VVS remained qualitatively inferior, but by the time of the Soviet counter-offensive, the VVS had reached numerical superiority. [15][120] 955 Soviet civilians died in Stalingrad and its suburbs from aerial bombing by Luftflotte 4 as the German 4th Panzer and 6th Armies approached the city. ", harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBergström2007 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFGlantz1995 (, Великая Отечественная война 1941–1945 годов. Ivan's War (New York: 2006), 156. Due to a limited number of available aircraft and having only one available airfield, at Pitomnik, the Luftwaffe could only deliver 105 tonnes of supplies per day, only a fraction of the minimum 750 tonnes that both Paulus and Zeitzler estimated the 6th Army needed. Offer ends January 5-75%. Russia's War (New York: 1997), 201. – М.: "Кучково поле", 2012. A massive traffic jam resulted when the 4th Panzer and the 1st Panzer choked the roads, stopping both dead while they cleared the mess of thousands of vehicles. Bitter fighting raged for every ruin, street, factory, house, basement, and staircase. Nevertheless, they continued to resist, in part because they believed the Soviets would execute any who surrendered. The Luftwaffe helped repel the offensive by heavily attacking Soviet artillery positions and defensive lines. On 2 February 2013 Volgograd hosted a military parade and other events to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the final victory. For both Stalin and Hitler, Stalingrad became a matter of prestige far beyond its strategic significance. Germany's defeat shattered its reputation for invincibility and dealt a devastating blow to German morale. [133], Regardless of the strategic implications, there is little doubt about Stalingrad's symbolism. [122] Stalingrad marked the first time that the Nazi government publicly acknowledged a failure in its war effort. During the defence of Stalingrad, the Red Army deployed five armies in and around the city (28th, 51st, 57th, 62nd and 64th Armies); and an additional nine armies in the encirclement counteroffensive[41]:435–438 (24th, 65th, 66th Armies and 16th Air Army from the north as part of the Don Front offensive, and 1st Guards Army, 5th Tank, 21st Army, 2nd Air Army and 17th Air Army from the south as part of the Southwestern Front). Equally with men they bore all the burdens of combat life and together with us men, they went all the way to Berlin. [131] In a speech on 9 November 1944, Hitler himself blamed Stalingrad for Germany's impending doom.[132]. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBeevor1999 (, Alexander Werth, Russia at War 1941–1945, New York, E. P. Dutton & Co, Inc., 1964, p. 562. By 27 Sept. the Germans occupied the southern portion of the city, but the Soviets held the centre and northern part. 160 aircraft were destroyed and 328 were heavily damaged (beyond repair). Several Soviet regiments were wiped out; the entire staff of the Soviet 339th Infantry Regiment was killed the following morning during an air raid.[1]:83. The USSR lost 4,341 tanks destroyed or damaged, 15,728 artillery pieces and 2,769 combat aircraft. However, according to Adam, "On not one single day have the minimal essential number of tons of supplies been flown in. The Germans began using the armies of their Italian, Hungarian and Romanian allies to guard their left (northern) flank. In that basement [...] there were still two hundred Germans—dying of hunger and frostbite. Um der wackelnden Preis-Leistung der Artikel zu entsprechen, differenzieren wir im Test alle möglichen Kriterien. Sturmovik battle of stalingrad - Die qualitativsten Sturmovik battle of stalingrad im Überblick! [24]:926 A similar plan had been used a year earlier at the Demyansk Pocket, albeit on a much smaller scale: a corps at Demyansk rather than an entire army.[33]:132. [32], Hitler intervened, however, ordering the Army Group to split in two. – Operation Thunderclap being the code word initiating the breakout. Ice floes on the Volga now prevented boats and tugs from supplying the Soviet defenders. [58]:154–68 On the other hand, Beevor noted the often extraordinary bravery of the Soviet soldiers in a battle that was only comparable to Verdun, and argued that terror alone cannot explain such self-sacrifice. A ceremonial Sword of Stalingrad was forged by King George VI. The Hungarian 2nd Army was given the task of defending a 200 km (120 mi) section of the front north of Stalingrad between the Italian Army and Voronezh. In autumn, the Soviet generals Georgy Zhukov and Aleksandr Vasilevsky, responsible for strategic planning in the Stalingrad area, concentrated forces in the steppes to the north and south of the city. Even the sewers were the sites of firefights. [40]:401 He remained in the Soviet Union until 1952, then moved to Dresden in East Germany, where he spent the remainder of his days defending his actions at Stalingrad and was quoted as saying that Communism was the best hope for postwar Europe. The events of the Battle for Stalingrad have been covered in numerous media works of British, American, German, and Russian origin,[142] for its significance as a turning point in the Second World War and for the loss of life associated with the battle. David Glantz, Armageddon in Stalingrad, The Stalingrad Trilogy Volume II (2009), 380–383. By 18 December, the German Army had pushed to within 48 km (30 mi) of Sixth Army's positions. A common saying was: "You cannot stop an army which has done Stalingrad." harvnb error: no target: CITEREFGolovanov2004 (. The public mood was sullen, depressed, fearful, and war-weary. In response, Hitler issued a tranche of field promotions to the Sixth Army's officers. The 6th Panzer Division, arriving from France, was a vastly more powerful formation, but its members hardly received an encouraging impression. The armies in the area were also poorly equipped in terms of anti-tank weapons. Anton Joly, Stalingrad Battle Atlas, Volume II (2017), 360–380. En poursuivant votre navigation sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies pour que l'on vous propose la meilleure expérience de navigation. A significant historical debate concerns the degree of terror in the Red Army. [66] Though women were not usually trained as infantry, many Soviet women fought as machine gunners, mortar operators, and scouts. The speech contained an oblique reference to the battle, which suggested that Germany was now in a defensive war. "[28]:137, The Red Army High Command sent three envoys while simultaneously aircraft and loudspeakers announced terms of capitulation on 7 January 1943. [4]:310 So heavy were the Luftwaffe's losses that four of Luftflotte 4's transport units (KGrzbV 700, KGrzbV 900, I./KGrzbV 1 and II./KGzbV 1) were "formally dissolved. Hiwi often proved to be reliable Axis personnel in rear areas and were used for supporting roles, but also served in some front-line units as their numbers had increased. [78] Stukageschwader 1, 2, and 77 had largely silenced Soviet artillery on the eastern bank of the Volga before turning their attention to the shipping that was once again trying to reinforce the narrowing Soviet pockets of resistance. Wir bieten dir die größte Auswahl von Sturmovik battle of stalingrad verglichen und hierbei die markantesten Unterschiede gegeneinander gestellt. The Germans lost 900 aircraft (including 274 transports and 165 bombers used as transports), 500 tanks and 6,000 artillery pieces. The battle for the German-Romanian airfield at Karpova lasted two days, with Romanian gunners destroying numerous Soviet tanks. According to Paulus' comments to Adam, "There is still the order whereby no commander of an army group or an army has the right to relinquish a village, even a trench, without Hitler's consent. Manstein now saw the enormous technical difficulties of a supply by air of these dimensions. [74] In response to the German breakthrough to the Volga, the front headquarters committed three battalions from the 300th Rifle Division and the 45th Rifle Division of Colonel Vasily Sokolov, a substantial force of over 2,000 men, to the fighting at the Red October Factory. General Zeitzler, moved by their plight, began to limit himself to their slim rations at meal times. The letter was signed by Colonel-General of Artillery Voronov and the commander-in-chief of the Don Front, Lieutenant-General Rokossovsky. "[33]:193, On 26 January 1943, the German forces inside Stalingrad were split into two pockets north and south of Mamayev-Kurgan. Around 40,000 civilians were taken to Germany as slave workers, some fled during battle and a small number were evacuated by the Soviets, but by February 1943 only 10,000 to 60,000 civilians were still alive. They could only be aimed at point-blank range through the bore of their gun barrels.[41]:110. He argues that, though it is "easy to argue that from the summer of 1942 the Soviet army fought because it was forced to fight," to concentrate solely on coercion is nonetheless to "distort our view of the Soviet war effort. Most importantly, the Soviets controlled the ferries to their supplies on the east bank of the Volga.[33]:68. This indicates 955 people were killed and another 1,181 wounded. Meanwhile, the Hungarian 2nd Army and the German 4th Panzer Army had launched an assault on Voronezh, capturing the city on 5 July. Hitler reiterated that the Sixth Army would stay at Stalingrad and that the air bridge would supply it until the encirclement was broken by a new German offensive. According to Frieser: 109,000 Romanians casualties (from November 1942 to December 1942), included 70,000 captured or missing. The planned summer offensive, code-named Fall Blau (Case Blue), was to include the German 6th, 17th, 4th Panzer and 1st Panzer Armies. Anton Joly, Stalingrad Battle Atlas, Volume II (2017), 178-302. Lieutenant General Alexander Rodimtsev was in charge of the 13th Guards Rifle Division, and received one of two Heroes of the Soviet Union awarded during the battle for his actions. "[28], During the siege, the German and allied Italian, Hungarian, and Romanian armies protecting Army Group B's north and south flanks had pressed their headquarters for support. War: [ 43 ], on 25 July the Germans used aircraft, most of them captured the. Killed and another 1,181 wounded Stalingrad made no attempt to break through to Stalingrad was by! 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