[37] Michigan voters remained evenly split between the parties in the presidential election of 1864.[38]. Early Michigan history is defined by the Indian tribes who inhabited the region for thousands of years. She was nonpolitical, but scientific in her methods, and energetic in her approach. 2. Either this, or the Sauk & Fauk were chased into the region after defeats further east. Due to the Beaver Wars, the Mascouten migrated down to settle around the Wabash River. This led to the rise of several wealthy socialite families such as the Hartwick family. When the depression of 1893 caused large-scale unemployment, Pingree expanded welfare programs, initiated public works programs for the unemployed, built new schools, parks, and public baths, and set aside plots of vacant city land for workers to plant their own vegetable gardens. During the American Revolution, the local European population, who were primarily American colonists that supported independence, rebelled against Britain. Kellogg and his brother, John Harvey Kellogg, failed at producing granola and accidently discovered they could make wheat … Michigan remained a frontier society up until around the time of the Civil War. Using Kalamazoo as her base, Caroline Bartlett Crane (1858–1935) became a nationally famous expert on municipal sanitation. American troops retook Detroit in 1813 and Fort Mackinac was returned to the Americans at the end of the war in 1815. Nationally, the Whig party collapsed in the 1850s as compromise proved impossible between the anti-slavery Northerners, and the pro-slavery Southerners. Some portions of the city also extend into Eaton and Clinton Counties. The first European explorer to visit Michigan was the Frenchman Étienne Brûlé in 1620, who began his expedition from Quebec City on the orders of Samuel de Champlain and traveled as far as the Upper Peninsula. On January 26, 1837, President Andrew Jackson signed the bill that made Michigan the twenty-sixth state. The Republicans encouraged the moralistic spirit of the pietists by turning it against slavery and the liquor traffic. While the information found on our websites is believed to be sensible and accurate based on the author’s best judgment, readers who fail to seek counsel from appropriate health professionals assume risk of any potential ill effects. After the war, the government built forts in some of the northwest territory, such as at Sault Ste. Due to this heritage Michigan was on the forefront of the antislavery crusade and reforms during the 1840s and 1850s. Questions remained over the boundary for many years, and the United States did not have uncontested control of the Upper Peninsula and Drummond Island until 1818 and 1847, respectively. Many of the Protestant homemakers were active in the temperance and suffrage movements as well. 91, Michigan: A History of the Wolverine State By Willis F. Dunbar, George S. May pg. [16] If true, they most likely merged with the Odawa. Among them, the most important was Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit in 1701; it became the city of Detroit. This resulted in Michigan's population expanding rapidly in the 1820s. It dedicated more funds to public education than did any other state in the nation. [41], The cities of Michigan were centers of municipal reform during the Progressive Era. The history of human activity in Michigan, a U.S. state in the Great Lakes, began with settlement of the western Great Lakes region by Native Americans perhaps as early as 11,000 BCE. Since Anishinaabe was a collective term for the Ojibwe, Odawa & Potowatomi/ Nishnabe, who formed a governed confederacy known as the Three Council Fires,[18] most of the Algonquian peoples around Lake Superior referred to their lands as 'something Anishinaabaki.' In 1835, the federal government enacted a law that would have created a State of Michigan. These were the years of the creation and popularity of Motown Records. Neglect of social problems and urban decline fed racial conflicts. Readers are advised to consult a health professional about any issue regarding their health and well-being. After the end of the war, both the automotive and copper mining industries recovered.[51]. Nichols, John & Nyholm, Earl "Concise Dictionary of Minnesota Ojibwe". General Motors was founded in Flint in 1908. This most likely confused the French, who chose to simply translate the 'Mishi' part as "Superior." As the Republican governor, he promoted higher railroad taxes to pay for his reforms. He also supported the direct election of U.S. senators; an eight-hour workday; an income tax; primary elections; the referendum, the abolition of child labor, and compulsory arbitration of labor disputes. In 1701, the French officer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, along with fifty-one additional French-Canadians, founded a settlement called Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit, now the city of Detroit. Michigan is first in the United States production of peat and magnesium compounds and second in gypsum and iron ore. Colon is home to the world’s largest manufacture of magic supplies. Charles Lindbergh: Born in Detr… As a consequence, domestic auto makers enacted cost-cutting measures to remain competitive at home and abroad. The ethnics (especially the Germans) and the Democrats lost their political base. They forced most of the Native Americans to relocate from Michigan to Indian reservations further west. The Flint Sit-Down Strike of 1936-37 was the decisive event in the formation of the United Auto Workers Union (UAW). 1903 - Henry Ford founded the Ford Motor Company. By Willis F. Dunbar, George S. May pg. Michigan's oldest university, the University of Michigan was founded in Detroit in 1817 and was later moved to its present location in Ann Arbor. It was the later laws of 50 years later, outlawing Native American culture to control other tribes of the west, which permanently destroyed this heritage. The French built several trading posts, forts, and villages in Michigan during the late 17th century. Kellogg opened the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company in the Battle Creek, Michigan and began to sell Corn Flakes cereal. In 1835 the people approved the Constitution of 1835, thereby forming a state government, although Congressional recognition was delayed pending resolution of a boundary dispute with Ohio known as the Toledo War. Indian tribes were living in the Michigan region when the first European, Étienne Bruléof France, arrived in 1618. Modern Michigan history would begin with the French, who were the first Europeans to move into the territory. Agriculture remained the main economic activity before 1860. During the War of 1812, British forces from Canada captured Detroit and Fort Mackinac early on, giving them a strategic advantage and encouraging native revolt against the United States. In the 1820s and 1830s immigrants from New England began moving to what is now Michigan in large numbers (though there was a trickle of New England settlers who arrived before this date). Here are some final historical facts on Michigan to consider about the state’s history: 1. The collapse of the old political system led to the realignment of voters and parties in the formation of the Third Party System, which formed in the mid-1850s and lasted until the mid-1890s. Michigan Kids - History. 2014. Copperhead Democrats called the war a failure, and it became more and more a partisan Republican effort. History and Arts Learn the story of Pure Michigan From Native American culture to the impact of the automobile, from 18th century forts to living history museums, the story of Michigan is written on historic sites throughout the state. Also known as “Graffiti Alley,” one of the walls is entirely layered by used chewing gum. From 1861 to 1865, 90,000 Michigan men fought in the American Civil War, including 1,209 from the Upper Peninsula. University of Michigan is one of the top universities of the world, a diverse public institution of higher learning, fostering excellence in research. 1796: U.S. troops under the command of Lt. [47], The Great Depression caused severe economic hardship in Michigan. Fun Facts. 4. “Sweet Potato pies for Christmas”byClotee Allochukuis licensed underCC BY 2.0 2. Vessels from canoes to car ferries and steamers to modern ore boats have sailed these "inland seas," and about 6,000 vessels have been lost. With the Indian Removal Act (best known for causing the Trail of Tears in the south) of the 1830s, many natives were pushed away from Ohio & Michigan, many choosing to return to Canada. Starting during World War I, the Great Migration fueled the movement of hundreds of thousands of African-Americans from the South to industrial jobs in Michigan especially in Detroit. All information presented on our websites should not be construed as medical consultation or instruction. Thanks to new federal laws, labor unions grew rapidly after 1935, and for the first time became a major presence in large factories. Marie was founded by Father Jacques Marquette in 1668. Later, according to Oral histories, Algonquian peoples from the East Coast were driven west when Iroquoian people migrated to the region from central Canada and took their original homelands—These being the ancestors of the Ojibwe, Odawa, Potowatomi, Mascouten & Miami. The land which is now Michigan was made part of Indiana Territory in 1800. Although the Anishinaabeg (plural) didn't have a true, organized government (They would usually elect temporary leaders called Ogidamoo in the moment. The Detroit Federation of Women's Clubs (DFWC) promoted a very wide range of activities for civic minded middle-class women who conformed to traditional gender roles. Both corporations constructed large industrial complexes in the Detroit metropolitan area, exemplified by the River Rouge Plant, which have made Michigan a national leader in manufacturing since the 1910s. He was one of the most articulate and energetic leaders of the CIO, and of the merged AFL-CIO. This came eight years after W.K. In 1897, the Olds Motor Vehicle Company opened a factory in Lansing. Rising settlement prompted the elevation of Michigan Territory to that of the present-day state. By Josh Katzowitz    |   "50 Essential Books on Michigan History". "The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents Volume 55". [42], A representative politician was George E. Ellis, mayor of Grand Rapids (1906–16). Michigan was the 26th state, admitted into the Union in 1837. The area was inhabited from about 1000 B.C. By late mid-century, however, deindustrialization and restructuring cost many jobs. Explore Mackinac State Historic Parks at home . Detroit History Facts and Timeline (Detroit, Michigan - MI, USA) Known worldwide as simply the 'Motor City', Detroit straddles both banks of the Detroit River and is the 18th-largest conurbation in the US. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Michigan Indians. As the ideal stopping point on the overland route between Detroit and Saginaw, Flint grew into a small but prosperous village, and in 1855 officially became a city. On January 26, 1837, Michigan became the 26th state of the Union. Today, it's known as Mackinac Island. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, and Michigan passed into the control of the newly formed United States of America. During the Beaver Wars, the Iroquois of New York pushed other tribes in league with the French hard against Lake Huron, therefore several tribes migrated into Michigan & declared war on the Mascouten & Miami. The opinions expressed in Newsmaxhealth.com and Newsmax.com do not necessarily reflect those of Newsmax Media. The opening of the Erie Canal in 1825 connected the Great Lakes with the Hudson River and New York City, and brought large numbers of people to Michigan and provided an inexpensive way to ship crops to market. [5] However, the state recovered in the post World War II years. [36] A study of the cities of Grand Rapids and Niles shows an overwhelming surge of nationalism in 1861, whipping up enthusiasm for the war in all segments of society, and all political, religious, ethnic, and occupational groups. Now the Republicans turned the tables by charging that Michigan's Democrats were in bed with the South's "slave power aristocrats." When iron and copper were discovered in the Upper Peninsula, impetus was created for the construction of the Soo Locks, completed in 1855. 1668 - Sault Ste. It has over 10,000 lakes and the longest freshwater shoreline in the world. Bureau of Business Research, Wayne State U. Railroads have been vital in the history of the population and trade of rough and finished goods in the state of Michigan. Unemployment rates rose dramatically in the state. Thousands of auto industry workers were dismissed along with other workers from several sectors of the state economy. Michigan borders four of the five Great Lakes. [35], Michigan actively participated in the American Civil War sending thousands of volunteers. The Great Depression of the 1930s affected Michigan more severely than many other places because of its industrial base. Today the auto industry remains one of the largest employers of skilled machine operators in Jackson County. 1908 - General Motors is founded. [2] The area was part of Canada (New France) from 1668 to 1763. With the mass production of the Ford Model T, Detroit became the world capital of the auto industry. Rich with history, Michigan is known for its Great Lakes, industrial manufacturing, ginger ale, and tunnels. Newsmax, Moneynews, Newsmax Health, and Independent. This is most likely supposed to be a reference to the Iroquoian water deity known as 'Blue Panther', or, more accurately, "Cat which Stalks Below." 1-5 Michigan Facts 1. Here are 40 Interesting Michigan facts. 11. The violence then spread to several other Michigan cities and was the trigger for a mass migration to the suburbs. There was a boundary dispute over the border with Wisconsin. Cass was best known for his moderation and support for democracy through popular sovereignty. 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