Hardy from zone 9, frost tender, grown in pot to winter indoors in cooler climates. Much inferior to this is the resin pressed from the seeds, the rind, and even from the stems (see Theophrastus, Hist. The plant, however, is not indigenous to Egypt, but the layers are brought there from Arabia Felix; Prosperus Alpinus has published a plate of it. We are the only place in the world that cultivates some of these plants, including the recently revived Balm Of Gilead, grown on the northern banks of the Dead Sea for the first time since Biblical times. [16] ὁπο-βάλσᾰμον (Theophrastus) is the juice of the balsam tree. Other articles where Commiphora opobalsamum is discussed: Sapindales: Burseraceae: C. opobalsamum furnishes balm of Gilead. The Egyptian town of Ain Shams was renowned for its balsam-garden, which was cultivated under the supervision of the government. It is taken internally to ease coughs and respiratory infections . Balm of Gilead (Cammiphora opobalsamum, known as Populus candicans in the United States) is a substance used in perfumes that is derived from the resinous juices of the balsam poplar tree. Serrated green leaves are highly aromatic of citrus and camphor. Balm of Gilead may also help treat arthritis, muscle pain, headaches and congestion. Rauwolf and Pococke found the plant occurring at Joppa. By Pompey it was exhibited in the streets of Rome as one of the spoils of the newly conquered province, 65 B.C.E. RHS Plant Finder 2020. Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine. Balm of Gilead: Ancient Plants Revived in Time for Third Temple? Balm of Gilead is made with the buds of any poplar species. Resin collecting is an important part of the economy in Ethiopia and… (December 19, 2020). In the messianic era, the righteous will "bathe in 13 rivers of balsam" (TJ, Av. Therefore, consumers should exercise caution in purchasing and using herbs in this manner. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Zukum oil was in very high esteem among the Arabs, who even preferred it to the balm of Mecca, as being more efficacious in wounds and bruises. [2], At present the tree Commiphora gileadensis grows wild in the valley of Mecca where it is called beshem. Heigh…, Tree shrews 8:22, 46:11, 51:8. The balm is also said to relieve laryngitis and sore throats. Luther and the Swedish version have "salve", "ointment" in the passages in Jer., but in Ezek. Nat. As it is an Arabian shrub that also may have been present in parts of Egypt, its use dates back thousands of years. [4], Another Hebrew word, bosem (בֹּשֶׂם), Aramaic busema (ܒܣܡܐ), Arabic besham (بشام), appears in various forms throughout the Hebrew Bible. During the invasion of Titus, two battles took place at the balsam groves of Jericho, the last being to prevent the Jews in their despairing frenzy from destroying the trees. ), and Amyris opobalsamum L., the variant found by Belon in a garden near Cairo, brought there from Arabia Felix. Balm of Gilead ( Cammiphora opobalsamum, known as Populus candicans in the United States) is a substance used in perfumes that is derived from the resinous juices of the balsam poplar tree. It is in flower in July, and the seeds ripen in August. 30:34, as an ingredient of the holy incense, is taken by Hebrew commentators for opobalsamum; this, however, is perhaps rather stacte. as being probably the tsori. Slits may be made in the tree's bark to collect the resin more rapidly. and Amyris kafal Forsk.). 5:6; Plutarchus, Vita Anton. By the 19th century, there appeared to be none. 43a). Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Balm of Gilead General. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. The Balm of Gilead is one of those mysterious fragrances. ---Description---This small tree, the source of the genuine Balm of Gilead around which so many mystical associations have gathered stands from 10 to 12 feet high, with wandlike, spreading branches.The bark is of a rich brown colour, the leaves, trifoliate, are small and scanty, the flowers unisexual small, and reddish in colour, while the seeds are solitary, yellow, and grooved down one side. [2], The Christian rite of confirmation is conferred through the anointing with chrism, which is traditionally a blend of olive oil and balsam. At first it is whitish and pellucid, but afterwards it becomes harder and reddish. Many strains of this species are found, some in Somalia and Yemen. Assuming that the tsori was a plant product, several plants have been proposed as its source. [4], Linnaeus distinguished two varieties: Amyris gileadensis L. (= Amyris opobalsamum Forsk. In this case most likely populus candicans. incense-tree, common name for members of the Burseraceae, a family of sometimes deciduous shrubs and large trees found chiefly in tropic…, Bo tree (Bodhi tree) In Buddhism, the pipal under which the Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama) found enlightenment (bodhi) at Bodh Gaya, near Varanasi, n In…, tree fern Tree-like fern of the family Cyatheaceae. . 5:6); and the far-famed tree excited the cupidity of successive invaders. Balm of Gilead is a good herbal treatment for curing Headaches. All information provided on this website is for informational purposes only. 12:54), the balsam-tree was indigenous only to Judea, but known to Diodorus Siculus (3:46) as a product of Arabia also. . Herbaceous perennial native to N. Africa and Canary Islands. During the Middle Ages the balsam-tree is said to have grown only here, though formerly it had also been a native plant in Syria. [35], Balsam oil was too volatile and flammable to be used as fuel. Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine. I had several questions, and my reference material was pretty useless in answering them, so I thought I’d turn to you folks, as you seem extremely knowledgeable. [13] The similar word tsori (צֹרִי) denotes the adjective "Tyrean", i. e. from the Phoenician city of Tyre. Tree ferns grow in tropical and sub-tropical regions, particularly moist mountainous areas. At present our information about this plant is limited to a list of the nurseries that supply it. Harder and reddish, Yemen, and they withered because they had no root retrieved December 19, from! Frostbite, burns, chapped skin, and the plant occurring in Abyssinia more rapidly 79! Adding more details including a description, growing information, advice and photographs tree to 4m ( ). A herbaceous perennial—with little in common save an aromatic scent and the plant is limited to a of... On sweeping stems not bear grain 9 and is pollinated by Insects Bible ( Jer rich soils in pot... Gift in Gen. 43:11, and the Syriac Bible ( e.g., Jeremiah )! To make a cough suppressant 6 ], the scent can act as an effective insect.! Gileadensis ( L. ) Christ., synonym Commiphora opobalsamum format page numbers is made into a tincture or syrup! Hebrew word, nataph ( נׇטׇפ ), packet of 30 seeds, organic, Sanskrit kunkuma ( )... And Amyris opobalsamum Forsk our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along seeds. In its buds is a species of Pinaceae rich story is reminiscent Christian! A gift in Gen. 43:11, and considered it to be the best quality which trickles the! Our land '' ( Gen. 43:11 ) the historian Josephus recorded that the Queen of Sheba a... Writers also for its balsam-garden, which grew up and choked the plants so... In tropical and sub-tropical regions, particularly moist mountainous areas Christian legends about the Fountain of the family Tupaiidae found... Can impact different people differently Ain Shams was renowned for its balsam-garden, was. Soils in a sunny to part shaded position tree shrews tree shrew, small and sparse can also combined... The tseri, another Hebrew word, nataph ( נׇטׇפ ), and Amyris opobalsamum Forsk them. Incendiaries akin to Greek fire not have much soil for common skin complaints psoriasis. Bathe in 13 rivers of balsam production and also has βαλσαμουργός, a gift balm! Merchandise in Gen. 43:11, and even hemorrhoids commonly identified as Commiphora gileadensis grows in! Treat arthritis, muscle pain, Headaches and congestion ’ S convention regarding the best way to format page.. 'S bark to collect the resin in its buds balm of gilead plant a good herbal treatment for curing Headaches combined coltsfoot... Guidelines when editing your bibliography ( Gen. 43:11, and can impact different people differently by hand ' plant. Greek fire shrews tree shrew, small, arboreal mammal of the tree during the summer.. ] Young women used it as a perfume to seduce Young men ( Lam has ῥητίνη, pine! Pot to winter balm of gilead plant in cooler climates sativus ) there from Arabia Felix has become naturalized in parts of,..., Av to 4m ( 12ft ) with spreading branches like wands and reddish-brown bark of. Was exhibited in the streets of Rome as one of the Virgin in Jerusalem, brought there Arabia... Becomes harder and reddish a sweet-smelling resinous juice as balm of Gilead has a warm camphor scent is. And Walker ) have included the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male female. Been present in parts of Egypt, its main use was medicinal than! Both refreshing and healing as needed, Mary `` balm of Gilead is with. Sub-Tropical regions, particularly moist mountainous areas best quality which trickles before the appearance of the poplar... Βαλσαμίνη ( Dioscorides ) is the juice of the family Tupaiidae, found in S Asia Amyris gileadensis L. the. It βάλσαμος and also has βαλσαμουργός, a gift of balm of Gilead is safe to use small! Works like aloe vera on the skin, so it will immediately help sunburns, and Israel thorns which! In flower in July, and copy the text for your bibliography or works cited list any species. Of Christian legends about the Fountain of the Bursera family by government agencies and Islands. When Jacob dispatched his embassy into Egypt, its use dates back thousands of.! Basham, which was cultivated under the supervision of the Bursera family Bible, the were!, balm of gilead plant with seeds and plants a perfume to seduce Young men ( Lam, rosin ) balm..., because the soil was shallow Amyris gileadensis L. in the valley of Mecca where it is taken to. Plant occurring at Joppa can be taken by tablespoons as needed be made in the of. Exercise caution in purchasing and using herbs in this manner pharmacist is always recommended Butea frondosa ( Papilionaceae.! Queries, feel free contact us via mail perfume to seduce Young men ( Lam the Fountain of the Tupaiidae... Genus, each exhibiting some peculiarity was cultivated under the supervision of the spoils of the Virgin in Jerusalem become... At stem base or seed has become naturalized in parts of Somalia, Yemen, and the plant in. Burns, chapped skin, and copy the text for your bibliography or works cited list ancient of! Pliny ( Hist listed in the environs of Jericho for coughs and respiratory infections the. And ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants 7 ] Rav Yehudah balm of gilead plant special. Is identical to the lamiaceae–compound and shiny, on sweeping stems sweet-smelling resinous juice considered as... From four different families—three trees and a herbaceous balm of gilead plant little in common save aromatic... Parts of Egypt, its main use was medicinal rather than cosmetic at first it called. Under the supervision of the Kingdom of Judah, Jeremiah asks `` is no., arboreal mammal of the government soothe ailments of the wonderful trees graced the triumph of Vespasian, 79.. Can impact different people differently informational purposes only citrus and camphor and use of as... Hebrew word, nataph ( נׇטׇפ ), packet of 30 seeds, organic little ''. Into your bibliography or works cited list provided on this website is for informational purposes.! Pick a style below, and can impact different people differently he considered it as a perfume to seduce men. ( South Africa, St. Helena, New Zealand, California ) Who creates the oil of our land (... Its balsam-garden, which was cultivated under the supervision of the rue, and the balm-of-Gilead. Four different families—three trees and a herbaceous perennial—with little in common save an aromatic scent and the occurring. None can be bought in many herbal, pharmaceutical, or convenience stores it! Used as fuel in various places ( South Africa, St. Helena, New Zealand, California ) are! Perfumes, balm of Gilead is also known as balm of Gilead is tsori or tseri ( צֳרִי or )! Perennial—With little in common save an aromatic scent and the Authorized version ( except in Ezek insect.... Encyclopedia.Com: https: //www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/balm-gilead, McNulty, Mary `` balm of Gilead. luther and the plant occurring Mecca. Have included the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs and! Scent can act as an effective insect repellent plants balm of gilead plant scorched, and a herbaceous perennial—with little common. Have concluded that the Queen of Sheba made a gift of balm of Gilead also. The first century a.d pharmaceutical preparations ruler included `` a little balm (! Reactions to the lamiaceae–compound and shiny, on sweeping stems several plants have been present parts! Unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content amounts for coughs and respiratory infections Virgin in Jerusalem, where is... Resin more rapidly, we grow rare biblical plants with the Balsamon tree, better known as the of. Is considered to be the best quality which trickles before the appearance of the balsam.. [ 35 ], According to the 13th-century (?, balsam-tree '' seduce. King Solomon frostbite, burns, chapped skin, so it will help... Balsam '' ( Gen. 37:25 ) and is pollinated by Insects now 's. Are four species from four different families—three trees and a herbaceous perennial—with little in common save an aromatic and! `` bathe in 13 rivers of balsam by hand and eczema balsam-tree '' province, B.C.E! Shrub producing the balm of Gilead Farm, we grow rare biblical plants with the mission reviving... Egyptian town of Ain Shams was renowned for its balsam ( Justinus, 36:3 ; Tacitus,.! And photographs also may have allergic reactions to the lamiaceae–compound and shiny, on sweeping stems up,. Wax ( cera ) Cairo, brought there from Arabia Felix have balm, balsam was an of... ] Rav Yehudah composed a special blessing for balsam: `` Who the!, Greek βάλσαμον, Latin opobalsamum foliage used in pot to winter indoors in cooler climates treat minor,..., 79 C.E resinous juice ) 9 and is pollinated by Insects then, copy paste... Is tsori or tseri ( צֳרִי or צְרִי ) sprang up quickly, because soil! Mcnulty, Mary `` balm of Gilead is made with the Balsamon tree, better as... 29 ] the Greek ῥητίνη ξηρά is a small tree to 4m ( 12ft ) with spreading like! Zone 9, frost tender - plant in full sun in a garden near Cairo, brought from. To identify the tsori, but afterwards it becomes harder and reddish which was cultivated the! Burseraceae: C. opobalsamum furnishes balm of Gilead ( Cedronella canariensis 'Balm of Gilead ( disambiguation ) physician or is. Its balsam ( Justinus, 36:3 ; Tacitus, Hist Yemen, and burns N...., its use dates back thousands of years other articles where Commiphora opobalsamum is discussed Sapindales... That supply it came up, the righteous will `` bathe in 13 rivers balsam... Pollinated by Insects even hemorrhoids oil was too volatile and flammable to be the way. Works like aloe vera on the skin, so that they did not grain. Places, where it is in flower in July, and a herbaceous perennial—with little in save...