Its extremely low metallicity indicates it is very old—one of the oldest clusters in the Milky Way. Small patterns of stars within a constellation are called asterisms. The largest constellation by area is Hydra which is 3.16% of the sky. It is partially obscured by dust of the galactic plane. It's part of the Bayer constellation family. In de Houtman’s catalogue of 1603, the constellation is called De Vlieghe, which is Dutch for “the fly.” [61] To Eta's west lies IC 4191, a compact bluish planetary nebula of magnitude 10.6,[62] thought to lie around 10,750 light-years away from Earth. [14][a], Lacaille charted and designated 10 stars with the Bayer designations Alpha to Kappa in 1756. Plancius did not use any names for the constellation until 1612, when he named it Muia on his globe, which is Greek for “the fly.”. When Johann Bayer included it is his star atlas Uranometria, he called the constellation Apis, the Bee, and this name was widely used for about two centuries. Save the box for easy disposal later.Step 2: Sprinkle the pheromone attractant granules into the catch basin at the end of the stick.Step 3: Hang the Musca-Stik up in a room where flies have been active or stand it up on a surface or counter. It is also a confirmed runaway star system, one moving through space with an abnormally high velocity compared to the surrounding interstellar medium. [4] The first depiction of this constellation in a celestial atlas was in the German cartographer Johann Bayer's Uranometria of 1603,[5] though Bayer termed it Apis— "the Bee", a name by which it was known for the next two centuries. The booklet contains six units: Exploring Stories Through Art, Gemstone Constellations, Stories in the Sky, Moving with the Stars, Story Time, and Cycles in the Cards. [22] Eta Muscae is a multiple star system, the two main components forming an eclipsing binary that has a combined spectral type of B8V and magnitude of 4.77 that dips by 0.05 magnitude every 2.39 days. Musca Constellation Map, by IAU and Sky&Telescope magazine, Musca was one of the 12 constellations introduced by the Dutch navigators Keyser and de Houtman during their expeditions to the East Indies in the late 16th century. [40], Also known as Nova Muscae 1983, GQ Muscae is a binary system consisting of a white dwarf and small star that is about 10% as massive as the Sun. This constellation is also a part of the string game. Many of these ancient constellations are associated with the rich mythology of the time. Their origins date back hundreds or even thousands of years. At a distance of 91 light years, it is the nearest star system to Earth in Musca constellation. Musca belongs to the Johann Bayer family of constellations, along with Apus, Chamaeleon, Dorado, Grus, Hydrus, Indus, Pavo, Phoenix, Tucana and Volans. The star’s outer layers were likely blown off by the supernova explosion that produced the black hole. It has an apparent magnitude of 7.8 and is approximately 18,900 light years distant from Earth. [36] It consists of a spectroscopic binary system composed of the Wolf–Rayet star (spectral type: WC5 or 6) and an O-type main-sequence star (spectral type: O6 or O7) that orbit each other every 19 days and a blue supergiant (spectral type: O9.5/B0Iab) set about 46 milliarcseconds apart from them. The Hourglass Nebula (MyCn18) is a young planetary nebula located about 8,000 light years away. Many of the constellation's brighter stars are members of the Scorpius–Centaurus Association, a loose group of hot blue-white stars that appears to share a common origin and motion across the Milky Way. The star has 78 percent of the Sun’s mass. Good star chart programs or books can provide more information about each constellation and the treasures it … [7] It is the only official constellation depicting an insect. Baily considered them part of Musca, and Gould gave them their Bayer designations. Nova Muscae 1991 is a binary system containing a black hole candidate. Epsilon Muscae is a red giant star belonging to the stellar class M5III. [30], Located near Alpha is R Muscae,[16] a classical Cepheid variable ranging from apparent magnitude 5.93 to 6.73 over 7.5 days. See more. There are 22 different constellations that start with the letter “C.” [68] Another dark nebula in the constellation is BHR 71. It has an apparent magnitude of 5.18 and is 437.3 light years distant from Earth. Only Ursa Major and Hercules are larger than Pegasus in the northern hemisphere. The constellation that is the smallest is Crus, which takes up 0.17% of the sky. Norma or the Level. It is named so because it’s shaped like a cross. Musca depicts the common fly named by a Dutch explorer in 1500s. MAJOR STARS IN APUS French astronomer Lacaille called the constellation Apus in his chart of the southern skies published in 1763, but both Apis and Avis continued to be used well into the 19th century. It is a variable of a different type, classed as a slowly pulsating B star, a type of variable. [65] Around five light-years across, it is located around 3400 light-years away.[12]. It is about 128 light years distant from Earth. The smallest is Crux which only takes up 0.17 percent of the sky. [6] Lacaille renamed it to Musca Australis, the Southern Fly—Australis, since it counterparted the now discarded constellation of Musca Borealis composed of a few stars in Aries, and to avoid confusion with Apus. These include Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Zeta2 and (probably) Eta Muscae, as well as HD 100546, a blue-white Herbig Ae/Be star that is surrounded by a complex debris disk containing a large planet or brown dwarf and possible protoplanet. I. Hubble Space Telescope Observations", The Deep Photographic Guide to the Constellations: Musca, Constellations created and listed by Dutch explorers and celestial cartographers in the Age of Discovery, Early systematic mapping of the far southern sky, Dutch celestial and lunar cartography in the Age of Discovery, Constellations created and listed by Petrus Plancius, Golden Age of Dutch exploration and discovery, Constellations listed by Johannes Hevelius, Constellations listed by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, Early modern Netherlandish cartography, geography and cosmography, Dutch celestial cartography in the Age of Discovery, Dutch celestial and lunar cartography in the Age of Exploration, Dutch systematic mapping of the far southern sky, c. 1595–1599, Dutch commercial cartography in the Age of Discovery, Dutch corporate cartography in the Age of Discovery, Dutch maritime/nautical cartography in the Age of Discovery, Dutch discovery, exploration and mapping of Svalbard, Dutch discovery, exploration and mapping of Jan Mayen, European exploration and mapping of Southern Africa, Great Southern Land/Great Unknown South Land, European maritime exploration of Australia, Dutch discovery, exploration and mapping of Australasia, Dutch discovery, exploration and mapping of Nova Hollandia, Dutch discovery, exploration and mapping of Tasmania/Van Diemen's Land, Dutch discovery, exploration and mapping of the Australian continent, Dutch discovery, exploration and mapping of the Australian mainland, Dutch discovery, exploration and mapping of Nova Zeelandia, Dutch exploration and mapping of Formosa/Taiwan, Dutch exploration and mapping of the East Indies, Dutch exploration and mapping of Southern Africa, Dutch exploration and mapping of South Africa, Dutch exploration and mapping of the Americas, Dutch exploration and mapping of the Pacific, Dutch discovery and exploration of Easter Island, Science and technology in the Dutch Republic, Golden Age of Dutch science and technology, Early modern Iberian (Spanish and Portuguese) cartography, First undisputed non-Indigenous discovery, exploration and mapping of Australasia, First published systematic uses of the triangulation method in modern surveying and mapmaking, First published use of the Mercator projection for maritime navigation, First printed nautical atlas in the modern sense, History of selenography / lunar cartography, First published scientific map of the Moon with a topographical nomenclature, History of uranography / celestial cartography, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Musca&oldid=997664260, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Cartography of Belgium (history of surveying and creation of maps of, Cartography of the Low Countries (history of surveying and creation of maps of the, This page was last edited on 1 January 2021, at 17:15. 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